Continuous positive air pressure, or CPAP, is a commonly used therapy procedure for people with sleep apnea. While there is no remedy for sleep apnea, for individuals with the condition, CPAP therapy eases breathing and alleviates snoring. A system that humidifies and pressurises air until it reaches a specified setting is involved in the therapy, then delivers the air through a connective hose and breathing mask. CPAP air pressure is measured in centimeters of water, or cmH20.
In recent years, many people with apnea have transitioned to bi-level positive air pressure, or BiPAP, therapy. This therapy involves the same hardware, but sleepers receive air pressurized at two different levels, one for inhalation and the other for exhalation. As a result, many sleepers – particularly those with CSA – find BiPAP therapy more comfortable for breathing than CPAP therapy.
Read on to learn more about BiPAP machines, how they work, and where to find them, as well as prescription requirements for these medical devices. Our picks for the four best BiPAP machines sold today are outlined below. Our choices are based on a combination of verified customer and owner reviews and intensive product analysis.
Best BiPAP Machines for 2021
- Editor’s Pick – DeVilbiss IntelliPAP AutoBiLevel
- Runner-Up Pick – Philips Respironics DreamStation BiPAP Pro
- Most Compact/Easiest to Use – ResMed AirCurve 10 S
- Best Price – ResMed S9 VPAP S BiLevel
Best BiPAP Machines – Reviewed
Editor’s Pick – DeVilbiss IntelliPAP AutoBiLevel
- 5-year warranty
- Integrated, heated 400-mL humidifier
- Automatic pressure adjustment
- Includes sleep-tracking programs
Sleepation readers can buy the DeVilbiss IntelliPAP AutoBiLevel BiPAP machine at the lowest available price.
Editor’s Pick Overview
Our Editor’s Pick, the IntelliPAP AutoBiLevel from DeVilbiss, is a standout BiPAP machine for several reasons. For one, it is an automated bi-level machine; based on the breathing habits of the sleeper, the system automatically changes both the inhalation and exhalation pressure levels. Many sleepers find automatic bi-level breathing much easier and more comfortable on a nightly basis.
Another helpful addition is the integrated, heated humidifier with a larger-than-average reservoir capacity of 400 milliliters (mL), which results in fewer late-night refills due to water shortage. The device has a pressurizing range of 3 to 25 cmH20; the pressure support range, or difference between inhalation and exhalation pressure, can be set in 0.5 increments up to 12 cmH20. The machine also automatically shuts off whenever the user removes his or her breathing mask.
The IntelliPAP AutoBiLevel is exceptionally quiet compared to similar devices; its operating volume is about 26 decibels (dB). It also includes SmartCode sleep tracking software, which measures time asleep, respiratory rates, and other metrics related to sleep apnea. The DeVilbiss IntelliPAP AutoBiLevel has an above-average price-point. However, DeVilbiss backs this product with a five-year warranty.
- Sleepers who prefer PAP machines with automatic pressure adjustment
- Sleep data trackers
- People who awaken easily due to noise
Runner-Up Pick – Philips Respironics DreamStation BiPAP Pro
- 2-year warranty
- Optional 325-mL humidifier
- EZ-Start features eases breathing for first-time users
- Automatic adjustment when leakage occurs
Purchase the Philips Respironics DreamStation BiPAP Pro at the lowest price today.
Runner-Up Pick Overview
Our Runner-Up Pick is the Philips Respironics DreamStation BiPAP Pro, which builds on the flagship DreamStation BiPAP machine in several key ways. The system is engineered with EZ-Start technology, which decreases the pressure levels for first-time users, then raises the pressure progressively after 30 nights or so, to the recommended rates. This feature allows BiPAP users to acclimate to the settings without breathing difficulties.
The DreamStation BiPAP Pro also has Bi-Flex Pressure Relief, which eases breathing by toggling pressure rates during inhalation, the transition between inhalation and exhalation, and exhalation. Customers can choose to include or forgo the 325-mL integrated humidifier. In the event of a mask leak, the device will automatically increase pressure to compensate for the lost air.
The DreamStation BiPAP Pro is also compact and lightweight, weighing less than three pounds, and its noise output is lower than 26 dB, making it exceptionally quiet. Based on time awake, time asleep, and other variables that affect sleep quality and length, users may produce nightly progress reports. Philips Respironics backs this product with a two-year warranty.
- Sleepers who need extra time to acclimate to BiPAP therapy
- Sleep data trackers
- People who awaken easily due to noise
Most Compact/Easiest to Use – ResMed AirCurve 10 S
- 2-year warranty
- Built-in 380-mL humidifier
- Includes Easy-Breathe Comfort Feature
- TiControl automatic pressure adjustment
The ResMed AirCurve 10 S is available to Sleepation readers at the lowest price.
Most Compact Overview
ResMed’s AirCurve 10 S BiPAP unit is incredibly small and compact; it weights around five pounds with the humidifier included, and the device comes with a convenient travel bag for easier transport. Thanks in part to the TiControl device that enables users to change inhalation and exhalation pressure levels based on their individual breathing habits, the unit is also very easy to use.
This system is particularly helpful for those with other forms of disordered breathing, such as COPD, in addition to sleep apnea. Additionally, the Easy-Breathe Comfort Feature modifies pressure settings between breaths for easier inhalations and exhalations. Users can adjust settings using a bright, easy-to-read LCD color display.
The AirCurve 10 S comes with a built-in humidifier with a larger-than-average water capacity of 380 mL, along with an SD Card that tracks and records sleep data for users. Also helpful are the automatic on/off controls; the system turns on when the user wears their breathing mask correctly and then shuts off when the mask is removed. There is an above-average price point for the AirCurve 10 S, making it a decent choice for shoppers with larger budgets. ResMed backs the product with a two-year warranty.
- People with sleep apnea and other disordered-breathing conditions
- Sleep data trackers
- Sleepers who need extra time to acclimate to BiPAP therapy
Best Price – ResMed S9 VPAP S BiLevel
- 2-year warranty
- Optional, heated 380-mL humidifier
- Uses Autoset Algorithm to adjust pressure settings
- Automatic on/off controls
Buy the ResMed S9 VPAP S BiLevel machine at the lowest price today.
Editor’s Choice Overview
While most BiPAP machines are relatively pricey, the ResMed S9 VPAP S BiLevel is a notable exception the system is widely available for less than $600, even with the optional humidifier included but provides the same standards of quality and efficiency as many higher-cost rivals.
The machine includes Easy-Breathe Waveform Technology, which adapts to the sleeper’s breathing patterns for less pressure and more comfort during inhalation and exhalation. In addition to the optional 380-mL humidifier, which is larger than average, the machine also comes with ClimateLine heated tubing, which maintains warmth regardless of bedroom temperatures.
Using SmartStart and SmartStop features, the device will power on whenever the user breathes into their mask, then powers off as soon as the mask is removed. A Vsync control also increases pressure if mask leaks are detected. Owners can adjust settings and track sleep data using the easy-to-read display, and at 26 dB, the machine is relatively quiet. The ResMed S9 VPAP S BiLevel is backed by a two-year warranty.
- Sleepers who prefer BiPAP machines with heated humidifier and tubing components
- Sleep data trackers
- People who awaken easily due to noise
Buying Guide – How to Shop for a BiPAP Machine
For sleepers with sleep apnea, continuous positive air pressure (CPAP) therapy is the leading treatment. However, CPAP delivers air at a fixed pressure rate throughout the night; this can be problematic for sleepers who struggle with inhalations and exhalations at the same pressure level.
Bi-level positive air pressure (BiPAP) therapy, which pressurizes air at a higher setting for inhalation and a lower setting for exhalation, is a suitable alternative for those who struggle with breathing during CPAP therapy. However, BiPAP also has some notable downsides, including equipment that can be very expensive.
Read on to learn more about what BiPAP machines are, how they work, and what shoppers should consider when purchasing one of these devices. Our guide also delves into BiPAP machines and accessories’ medication criteria and discusses alternative solutions for people with sleep apnea.
What Are BiPAP Machines?
BiPAP therapy involves humidifying and pressurizing air, then delivering it to sleepers through a connective hose and breathing mask. Unlike CPAP therapy, which delivers air at a single, fixed pressure setting, BiPAP therapy delivers a higher setting during inhalation and a lower setting during exhalation. Pressure settings for BiPAP machines are measured in centimeters of water (cmH20). The average machine offers a pressure range setting of 3 cmH20 to 25 cmH20.
Most people who use BiPAP therapy have been diagnosed with sleep apnea, a condition characterized by temporary loss of breath during the night. Normally, the disorder is not life-threatening, although some experience more than 100 breathing episodes due to apnea each night, which may decrease the quality and length of sleep.
Heavy snoring is a common symptom of sleep apnea, as well. BiPAP therapy, when properly administered, can reduce apnea-related breathing episodes and minimize snoring.
Sleep apnea symptoms vary, but the condition is frequently categorized into one of two types.
- Obstructive sleep apnea, or OSA, occurs due to physical obstructions that partially block the sleeper’s airway, which can make breathing difficult. In many cases, this obstruction is the sleeper’s tongue, which falls back into the throat as breathing muscles relax during sleep.
- Central sleep apnea, or CSA, occurs when the brain cannot send signals to the muscles that control breathing. As a result, breathing patterns can become erratic.
Sleepers with OSA and/or CSA can choose from three general types of positive air pressure therapy: continuous PAP (CPAP); bi-level PAP (BiPAP); and automatic PAP (APAP). The table below breaks down key differences and similarities of these three therapy types.
|Therapy Type||Function||Air Pressure Levels||Typical Air Pressure Range||Best Used for…||Average Price Range|
|CPAP||Air pressure increases until it reaches the prescribed setting.||One fixed level||4 cmH20 to 20 cmH20||People with OSA (most people with CSA prefer at least two pressure settings).||$200 to $800|
|BiPAP||Air pressure is delivered at a higher setting during inhalation and a lower setting during exhalation.||At least two fixed levels. Some machines fix the pressure levels based on the user’s prescription, while others automatically adjust levels based on breathing patterns.||3 cmH20 to 25 cmH20||People with CSA. BiPAP may also be suitable for people with OSA who have not responded well to CPAP and/or take medications that make breathing more difficult.||$800 to $1,700|
|APAP||Air pressure automatically adjusts based on the sleeper’s breathing patterns||No fixed levels. The machine will continuously adjust throughout the night.||4 cmH20 to 20 cmH20||Since it doesn’t remain at a fixed rate, APAP can be suitable for people with OSA or CSA.||$600 to $800|
As they give more than one pressure rate, BiPAP machines are distinct from CPAP machines; most BiPAP machines also have a wider range of pressure levels, usually 3 cmH20 to 25 cmH20.
Traditional BiPAP machines produce air at two pressure speeds, a higher inhalation setting and a lower exhalation setting; it is impossible to adjust these devices manually. In recent years, variable PAP (VPAP) therapy has also become popular.
While a BiPAP machine delivers the two pressure settings based on the user’s prescription, VPAP machines adjust the rates for inhalation and exhalation throughout the night based on the sleeper’s breathing patterns. This results in bi-level air pressure that matches the individual more closely.
BiPAP and VPAP machines require a diagnosis of sleep apnea and a doctor’s prescription, much like CPAP and APAP machines. Next, we’ll take a look at some common BiPAP machine components.
BiPAP Machine Components
Like CPAP and APAP machines, BiPAP and VPAP devices typically include the following components:
- Airflow Generator: The machine’s generator is housed in a small box, and includes a small fan to draw in outside air for humidification and pressurization.
- Air Filter: BiPAP machines have a small air filter that prevents dust, pollen, and other contaminants from entering the airflow generator. Some devices have forever filters that can be washed and reused, while others have a replaceable filter.
- Humidifier: The humidifier contains water in a small reservoir; as air enters the generator, it is humidified to ease breathing for users. The humidifier may be heated; additionally, this component may be built-in or detachable, and some BiPAP machines do not come with a humidifier.
- Connective Hose: The connective hose is a segment of hollow tubing that connects the generator and the breathing mask. In most cases, the hose measures at least six feet in length.
BiPAP therapy also requires a breathing mask. Most masks fall into one of three categories: full face, nasal cradle, and nasal pillow. The next table includes key details about these three breathing mask types.
|Mask Type||Full Face||Nasal Cradle||Nasal Pillow|
|Appearance/Coverage||Mask covers the bridge of the nose to the bottom of the mouth, forming a tight seal to prevent air leakage||Mask covers the bridge of the nose to the upper lip, forming a tight seal||Mask fits into both nares, or nostril openings, covering the tip of the nose to the upper lip|
|Other Features||Adjustable straps wrap the face to keep the mask in place||A chinstrap is often included; this helps the sleeper’s mouth remain closed||A cushion reduces irritation around the nares|
|Most Suitable for…||Those who need high air pressure settings Mouth breathers or people who struggle to breathe through their nose Back sleepers||Those who need high air pressure settings People who toss and turn Side sleepers||Those who need lower air pressure settings People who wear glasses and/or have thick facial hair Side sleepers|
|Not as suitable for…||Side or stomach sleepers Those who wear glasses and/or have thick facial hair||Mouth-breathers People who experience nasal blockage due to allergies or other conditions||Those who need high air pressure settings Mouth breathers People who experience nasal blockage due to allergies or other conditions|
|Average Price Range||$80 to $150||$80 to $110||$50 to $75|
Most BiPAP machines are compatible with all three types of masks, enabling owners to choose the design that best fits their requirements and preferences.
One thing to note: all require a doctor’s prescription for the BiPAP mask, humidifier, and breathing mask. No prescription is needed for other components of the system, such as the connective hose and air filters. For more information about specific prescription criteria, please scroll down to the ‘BiPAP Prescription Requirements’ FAQ below.
Follow this simple process to operate a BiPAP machine:
- Place the main unit (including the airflow generator) on a flat, even surface where it will remain upright throughout the night. BiPAP machines have horizontal bases for this reason.
- Plug the machine’s power cord into an outlet or power strip.
- Fill the humidifier reservoir with distilled water to full capacity.
- In order to ensure there are no gaps or kinks, check the hose relation between the generator and the breathing mask.
- Put on the breathing mask; adjust for comfort as needed.
- Turn on the machine. Many BiPAP devices will not start until the user is wearing his/her breathing mask.
The BiPAP machine will likely need a few minutes to reach the prescribed pressure rates for inhalation and exhalation; this period is known as ramp time.
Pros and Cons of BiPAP Therapy
- Two Pressure Levels: The dual-pressure settings of BiPAP machines can ease breathing for sleepers; comparatively, CPAP machines with one fixed setting may be more problematic for breathing.
- Easy to Use and Operate: BiPAP machines are designed to be user-friendly. Many come equipped with LCD displays, simple controls, and alerts for when the mask is dislodged or the humidifier reservoir needs refilling.
- Small and Lightweight: BiPAP machines are usually quite compact. They won’t take up too much bedroom space, and many make great travel accessories.
- Noise Potential: All BiPAP machines make some noise; most produce between 26 and 32 dB of sound, which can be an issue for those who experience sleep disruptions on a regular basis.
- Facial Discomfort: Full face masks are heavy and cumbersome; they also restrict mobility in bed for side sleepers. Nasal cradle and nasal pillow masks can both lead to breathing issues for those who primarily breathe through their mouth and/or have allergies. Additionally, nasal pillow masks may cause irritation around the user’s nostril openings.
- High Price-Point: BiPAP machines are generally more expensive than CPAP and APAP devices. Most cost between $800 and $1,700. The mask is often sold separately, and a humidifier does not come with certain machines.
Important Considerations for BiPAP Machine Shoppers
When shopping for a new BiPAP machine, here are a few factors shoppers should take into account:
- Size: Most BiPAP machines are lightweight for any bedroom space and compact enough. Shoppers can however, calculate the available surfaces in their room to ensure that the device they want fits.
- Pressure Range: BiPAP machines offer wider air pressure ranges, which typically fall between 3 cmH20 and 25 cmH20. Be sure to check the range, though, as some models will be more limiting. Most people with sleep apnea require pressure rates of 6 cmH20 to 14 cmH20.
- Humidifier: The humidifier may be built onto the BiPAP machine or ‘integrated,’ which makes it detachable and, in some cases, interchangeable. Humidifier reservoirs usually offer capacities between 300 and 450 mL. Keep in mind that larger reservoirs (380 mL and up) do not need to be refilled during the night as often.
- Noise Potential: Those who awaken easily due to noise should check the device’s decibel levels. The quietest BiPAP machines produce 25 to 27 dB of sound, while the loudest may produce up to 35 dB.
- Hose Length: Most connective hoses included with a BiPAP machine measure six feet in length. If this is insufficient, some brands sell hose extensions or extra-long hoses.
- Power Requirements: To accommodate U.S. sleepers, BiPAP machines usually operate on 100 to 240 volts. If power outages happen or if electricity is not available, many machines have a backup battery.
- Operating Altitude: BiPAP machines usually list a maximum altitude at which the device will properly pressurize air. This altitude generally falls between 5,000 and 9,000 feet.
- Alerts: Modern BiPAP machines frequently include alerts that inform users of air leaks in the connective hose and/or breathing mask; the mask slipping out of position; or pressure loss due to power outage or dead batteries. Alerts may take the form of beeps and/or LCD backlighting.
- Sleep Data Tracking: Another modern feature of BiPAP machines is sleep tracking software that records sleep patterns, respiration rates, and other metrics related to BiPAP therapy and sleep quality. Many machines allow owners to access this data using the interface controls, as well as wireless apps.
- Price: The average BiPAP machine costs between $800 and $1,300, but some machines can cost $1,800 or more. Financing is frequently available from sellers. Patients may also have insurance policies that minimize out-of-pocket costs.
- Product Warranty: Most BiPAP machine manufacturers back offer a warranty, which covers the product for one to five years. Longer warranties are rare.
Another important consideration for BiPAP machine shoppers is their doctor’s prescription. In the next question, we’ll go over prescription requirements for these devices.
BiPAP Prescription Requirements
Some of the most common prescription-related questions about APAP therapy are answered below.
Is insurance required to purchase a BiPAP machine?
Absolutely. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) regulates the sale of BiPAP machines, humidifiers, and breathing masks, all of which are classified as Class II medical devices. Other BiPAP parts do not require a prescription.
The FDA requires a prescription to reduce medical liability for physicians. Doctors write BiPAP prescriptions after observing sleep apnea patients and recording their symptoms. The BiPAP machine is calibrated for two fixed pressure settings.
VPAP machines are not calibrated the same way, but they deliver a pressure range that matches the user’s prescription. BiPAP users should never try to recalibrate the machine themselves. Otherwise, they may not receive the right air pressure rate, which potentially leads to other health problems.
Insurance purposes are another reason why BiPAP machines require a prescription. Sleep apnea patients can purchase BiPAP generators, humidifiers, and breathing masks, but insurance companies mandate the prescription to cover patients who cannot afford out-of-pocket costs for these components.
Is it illegal to buy BiPAP machines without a prescription?
Yes. Merchants who sell BiPAP machines, humidifiers, breathing masks, and other Class II medical devices can only do so after receiving FDA approval; as a condition of this approval, merchants must sell these products to purchasers with a prescription.
BiPAP machines may be available for sale without a prescription, but both the seller and buyer are breaking the law during these transactions. Legality aside, these transactions are discouraged because they often involve used, refurbished, and/or modified machines that have not specifically been calibrated based on the buyer’s prescription.
If the machine is used, then the buyer may also come into contact with germs and bacteria from the previous user(s). And without warranty coverage, buyers have no financial recourse if the machine breaks down and needs repairs.
How do I get a prescription for BiPAP equipment?
In order to receive a prescription for BiPAP machines and FDA-regulated components, buyers must receive a sleep apnea diagnosis. One or more of the following certified professionals must perform this diagnosis:
- Medical physician or physician’s assistant
- Doctor of osteopathy
- Naturopathic physician
- Nurse practitioner
- M.D. psychiatrist
Also, please note most BiPAP device sellers will not accept sleep apnea prescriptions from chiropractors, optometrists, or psychologists.
The diagnostic process may vary by patients. Prescribing physicians may issue a home sleep test (HST) before diagnosing sleep apnea. Others may instead refer their patient to a sleep disorder specialist for polysomnography sleep tests, which record brain waves, eye movement, and other data metrics.
An HST is less invasive but the results are frequently inconclusive; many patients undergo both the HST and polysomnography tests to receive their diagnosis.
What does the BiPAP prescription need to say?
A prescription for FDA-regulated BiPAP equipment must include:
- Name, signature, and contact details for the prescribing professional
- The patient’s legal name
- The patient’s specific sleep apnea diagnosis (OSA or CSA) and optimal inhalation and exhalation pressure settings
- At least one of the following terms verbatim: ‘BiPAP’ or ‘Bi-level PAP’
For a more in-depth look at the requirements discussed above, please visit our CPAP, BiPAP, and APAP Prescriptions guide.
Additional Strategies for People with Sleep Apnea
For some people with sleep apnea, BiPAP therapy alone may be insufficient. In this final section, we’ll look at some other medical devices, medical procedures, and lifestyle/sleep adjustments that can reduce apnea-related breathing episodes and cut down on snoring.
Other Devices and Procedures
Mandibular Advancement Devices (MADs): MADs are anti-snoring mouthpieces that fit inside the user’s mandible, or lower jaw. The MAD physically forces the jaw forward to open up the sleeper’s airway and decrease snoring.
A MAD may be custom-molded, which requires the owner to bite into the material and form an impression before mailing it to the manufacturer; other MADs, known as ‘boil-and-bite’ devices, allow owners to boil the mouthpiece and form the impression without assistance. Most MADs are available over-the-counter, but some require a prescription.
Tongue Retaining Devices (TRDs): TRDs, like MADs, are anti-snoring mouthguards. Rather than repositioning the jaw, TRDs physically pull the tongue forward to increase the gap between the tongue and the throat. Many TRDs resemble baby pacifiers and come in one-size-fits-all designs that don’t need custom fitting. Most TRDs are available over-the-counter.
Provent: Provent therapy is a relatively new, FDA-approved treatment option for people with sleep apnea. The therapy involves two small valves with air filters that are placed in each nostril using a non-toxic adhesive. The valves open when the user inhales, and then they close during exhalation. Provent therapy requires a prescription.
Oral Surgery: Sleep apnea symptoms may be severe enough to warrant oral surgery. Several types of surgery can help correct sleep apnea; in most cases, the physician makes a recommendation based on patient criteria.
Common procedures include uvulopalatopharyngoplasty (UPPP), which removes the uvula to reinforce the soft palate; genioglossus advancement (GGA), which permanently stretches tongue tendons to reduce airway blockage; and maxillomandibular advancement (MMA), which permanently adjusts the angle of the upper and lower jaw. Because oral surgery is fairly expensive, this should be considered a last-ditch measure.
Sleep and Lifestyle Changes
Consider Side Sleeping: Sleep position is crucial for people with sleep apnea. Most doctors and sleep specialists consider side sleeping the best position for alleviating apnea-related symptoms; this position helps the tongue fall out of the throat, which in turn allows the esophagus to expand and more air to circulate.
Back sleeping is considered the worst position for sleep apnea because the tongue falls back into the throat much more easily. Stomach sleeping may be suitable for sleep apnea, as well, but most experts advise against this position because it carries high potential for neck, shoulder, and back pain.
Optimize Pillow Loft: Pillow loft, or thickness, is an important factor for those with sleep apnea – heavy snorers, in particular. Pillow loft is generally divided into three categories: low loft (thinner than 3 inches); medium loft (3 to 5 inches); and high loft (thicker than 5 inches). The ideal loft often depends on physiological factors, such as head size and shoulder width, along with mattress firmness and sleep position.
Please visit our Pillow Buying Guide for more information about loft considerations.
Buy an Adjustable Bed: Adjustable beds feature electric motors that allow owners to elevate the head of the bed to different angles. Much like increasing pillow loft, raising the head can alleviate heavy snoring and minimize apnea-related breathing episodes throughout the night.
Modern adjustable beds offer a wide range of angle options; some are also split down the middle, enabling dual-elevation for couples with different angle preferences.
Adjustable beds can be very pricey. Some lower-end models that offer basic controls are available for roughly $1,000 in a Queen size, but newer and flashier beds often come with features that drive up the price-point; expect to pay at least $2,000 for one of these models.
For more information, please visit our Adjustable Bed Buying Guide.
Lifestyle Changes: According to the Mayo Clinic, people with sleep apnea may be able to reduce their symptoms through these lifestyle changes:
- Lose Weight: Sleep apnea is strongly correlated to obesity and excess weight. Losing substantial weight has, for many, resulted in less snoring and fewer nightly breathing episodes.
- Exercise: Daily physical activity can help sleepers lose weight, and may also alleviate some apnea-related symptoms. The Mayo Clinic recommends at least 30 minutes of moderate physical activity each day.
- Don’t Drink Alcohol or Take Sleeping Pills Before Bed. These substances induce sleep, which can cause throat muscles to relax and, in turn, disrupt breathing patterns.
- Quit Smoking. The Mayo Clinic notes smokers are three times as likely to develop sleep apnea compared to non-smokers.
To learn more about sleep apnea, PAP therapy, and other related topics, please visit the following pages on Sleepation.com.